eguruchela

List of formulas related to changes of state and shape


Heat

Qe: Heat emitted, Qr: Heat received, m: object’s total mass(kg), c: specific heat(J/kg.K), Δt: change in temperature(K)

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The specific heats of some material

SubstanceSpecific Heat
(J/kg.K)
Water4200
Ice Water2100
Aluminium880
Iron460
Copper380
Lead130

Fusion(Freezing Or Solidification)


Q: quantity of heat(J), λ: heat of fusion(j/kg), m: mass(kg)

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Heat Of Fusion Some Materials

SubstanceLatent Heat Of Melting
(J/kg)
Lead25
Tin60
Gold67
Mercury11
silver88
Iron209
Ice Water334
Aluminium321

Vaporization


L: heat of vaporization

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Heat Of Vaporization Of Some Materials

SubstanceHeat Of Vaporization
(J/kg)
Water2,26.106
Iron5,80.104
Mercury2,85.105
Wine8,57.105

Linear Expansion


Io: original length (m), α: coefficient of linear expansion(K), Δt: change in temperature

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Volume Expansion


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Area Expansion


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Change Of Density(Volumetric Mass Density)

Do: original density (kg/m3)

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Change Of Diameter Of The Cross Section Of A Solid


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