Chemical reaction

a process in which one or more substances, the reactants, are converted to one or more different substances, the products. Substances are either chemical elements or compounds. A chemical reaction rearranges the constituent atoms of the reactants to create different substances as products.

Basic concepts of chemical reactions

When making a new substance from other substances, chemists say either that they carry out a synthesis or that they synthesize the new material. Reactants are converted to products, and the process is symbolized by a chemical equation. For example, iron (Fe) and sulfur (S) combine to form iron sulfide (FeS).

Fe(s) + S(s) → FeS(s)

The plus sign indicates that iron reacts with sulfur. The arrow signifies that the reaction “forms” or “yields” iron sulfide, the product. The state of matter of reactants and products is designated with the symbols (s) for solids, (l) for liquids, and (g) for gases.

Types of Chemical Reactions

The types of Chemical Reactions is based on the changes that occur, product formed and reactants involved etc.,.

Redox Reaction

Combustion reaction

Decomposition reaction

Neutralization reaction

Precipitation or Double-Displacement Reaction