# Length contraction

Length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer who is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object. This contraction is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light.

$$ L = Lo \sqrt{ 1 - \frac {v^2}{c^2}} $$where

and the Lorentz factor, γ(v), is defined as

$$ L = \frac {Lo}{\gamma} $$In this equation it is assumed that the object is parallel with its line of movement.

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