Aristotle was the first to have engaged in a systematic study of logical fallacies. In his de Sophisticis Elenchis .he sketches out a general definition of logical fallacy identifies two major types of fallacy and sketches out an account of 13 of these. Aristotle may be the highest Philosopher of the Famous Ancient Greek Civilization, but his view on Reincarnation had had a Fallacy. He took it for granted that the transmigration was only that of the soul plus the intellect but not of any memory alongside. In other words, he sidelined a major portion of the Mind from the Reincarnation Theory. Aristotle, in his Sophistical Refutations (Sophistici Elenchi), identified thirteen fallacies.
A fallacy is the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning or "wrong moves in the construction of an argument. A fallacious argument may be deceptive by appearing to be better than it really is. Some fallacies are committed intentionally to manipulate or persuade by deception, while others are committed unintentionally due to carelessness or ignorance, as even lawyers admit that the extent to which an argument is sound or unsound depends on the context in which the argument is made.
Aristotle Law of Motion
The statement of Aristotle on the laws of motion. According to him, an object stays in the state of uniform motion by the application of an external force. The object should move on with force without stopping.
The Newton's laws of motion denied the Aristotle fallacy. According to him, an object that is in motion should stop gradually without any external force. The force is necessary for the object to be in motion.
Kinds of Fallacies
Fallacy means which is logically incorrect. The Fallacies have numerous forms therefore difficult to classify. The fallacies are classified as follows:
Structure or formal fallacies
Formal syllogistic fallacies
Content or informal fallacies
Red herring fallacies