﻿ Formula related to Chemical Kinetics

# Chemical kinetics

### Integrated rate law equation for zero order reaction

$$\text {(a) k } = \frac{[R]_{\,o}–[R] }{t}$$

Where :

k is rate constant ,

[R]o is initial molar concentration and

[R] is final concentration at time t.

$$\text {(b) } t_{\, \frac{1}{2}} = \frac{[R]_{\,o}}{2k}$$ t1/2 is half life period of zero order reaction.

### Integrated rate law equation for first order reaction

$$\text {(a) k } = \frac{2.303}{t} \log \frac{[R]_{\,o} }{[R]}$$

Where:

k is rate constant and

[R]o is initial molar concentration and

[R] is final concentration at time t.

$$\text {(b) } t_{\, \frac{1}{2}} = \frac{0.693}{k}$$

t1/2 is half life period of first order reaction.

### Arrhenius equation

$$\text {(a) k } = Ae ^{-Ea/RT}$$

Where:

A is frequency factor,

Ea is the energy of activation,

R is universal gas contant and

T is absolute temperature.- Ea/RT gives the fraction of collisions having energy equal to or greater than Ea.

$$\text {(b) } \log \frac{k _{\,2}}{k _{\,1}} = \frac{E _{\,a}}{2.303 R} ( \frac{T_{\,2} - T_{\,1}}{T_{\,1} T_{\,2}})$$

Where:

k1 is rate constant at temperature T1 and

k2 is rate constant at temperature T2 .